Recall is a process to remove a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from office between elections. A registered voter collects signatures from other registered voters in their electoral district. If the required signature threshold is met, the MLA is removed and a by-election is held.
The voter organizing the recall petition is called the proponent. For the petition to be successful, the proponent must collect signatures from more than 40% of the voters eligible to sign the petition. To be eligible to sign the petition, an individual must:
In Canada, the recall process is unique to B.C. – no other province or territory has a system in place for removing elected representatives from office between elections.
The Chief Electoral Officer administers the recall petition process according to the rules established in the Recall and Initiative Act.
To find out more about applying, canvassing, advertising, financing and submitting a recall petition, see our Recall FAQs.
The Chief Electoral Officer has approved 26 recall petitions since the Recall and Initiative Act came into force in 1995. Six of those petitions were returned to Elections BC for verification. Of the six, five did not have enough valid signatures and one was halted during the verification process because the Member resigned.
The Recall and Initiative Act allows for public inspection of recall petition sheets for up to a year after the petition is submitted to the Chief Electoral Officer.